Thyroid gland, is one of the largest of the endocrine glands which secretes two major hormones, thyroxin and triiodothyronine, commonly called T4 and T3 acting through nuclear receptors, these hormones play a critical role in cell differentiation and baby development in pregnant women and help to regulate the rate of metabolism and affect the growth and function of many other systems in the adult.
Autoimmune disorders of the thyroid gland can either stimulate the overproduction of thyroid hormones (Hyperthyroidism) or cause glandular destruction and hormone deficiency (Hypothyroidism).
In addition, benign nodules and various forms of thyroid cancer are relatively common and amenable to detection by physical examination and further investigation.
A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone is Hypothyroidism. It is the most commonly affected in female compare to male. Hypothyroidism may be divided into two categories:
Stress and hypothyroidism When a person is undergoing stressful events - even "everyday" stress - the body produces a chemical called cortisol. Cortisol is one of two main hormones produced by the adrenal glands and it is necessary and beneficial to the body to handle long-term stress. However, when a person consistently and continually undergoes stressful events the affects of stress on the body is as follows.
The endocrine system is a system that works on body harmony to defend the body against stress. This system is comprised of the following glands: the hypothalamus, pineal and pituitary glands (all located in the brain), the thyroid and parathyroid glands located in the neck region, the adrenal glands located above the kidneys, and the reproductive glands which include ovaries in women and testes in men. When one part of this system is affected then other parts of the system begin to fail in order to compensate and meeting the needs of the endocrine system- this imbalance in the endocrine system produces the illness/disease like Hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism etc respectively.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis (an autoimmune disorder where the body's own immune system starts attacking the thyroid tissue)
Severe iodine deficiency - resulting in a reduction in the production of thyroid hormones
Overtreatment for hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland) - radiation therapy in cancers.
Hyperthyroidism is characterized by increased serum levels of free thyroid hormone i.e. serum T3 usually increases more than does T4, probably because of increased secretion of T3 as well as conversion of T4 to T3 in peripheral tissues. In some patients, only T3 is elevated (T3 toxicosis). T3 toxicosis may occur in any of the usual disorders that cause hyperthyroidism, including Graves' disease, multinodular goiter, and the autonomously functioning solitary thyroid nodule. If T3 toxicosis is untreated, the patient usually develops typical hyperthyroidism.
Graves' disease, toxic adenoma, Plummer's disease (toxic multinodular goiter) and thyroiditis, are most common causes which leads to hyperthyroidism.
Graves disease- Normally, your immune system uses antibodies to help protect against viruses, bacteria and other foreign substances that invade your body. In Graves' disease antibodies mistakenly attack your thyroid and stimulate your thyroid to produce too much T-4, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.
Toxic multinodular goiter-Thyroid nodules usually represent benign (non-cancerous) lumps or tumors in the gland. These nodules sometimes produce excessive amounts of thyroid hormones. This condition is called "toxic nodular goiter.
Thyroiditis-Inflammation of the thyroid gland, called thyroiditis, can lead to the release of excess amounts of thyroid hormones that are normally stored in the gland.
Thyroid patients consult homeopathic physician in three different situations
1. Pre-hypothyroid state - Unexplained weight gain with a cluster of other symptoms. Blood test reveals normal or slightly increased TSH.
2. Hypothyroidism confirmed but not started allopathic medication
3. Hypothyroidism confirmed and already taking allopathic medication regularly In all above three cases we at Genetic Homeopathy follow most advance therapeutic methods in available in Homoeopathy that is Genetic Constitutional method. In this we are not simply looking into the symptoms of the Disease, but also looking deep into non-disease traits of the patient. Non-disease traits means the physical & mental tendencies of the individual which are not related to the disease. They are also called as Genetic tendencies of the particular individual. Some of commonly used medicines are calc iod, Natrum Mur, Sepia, Spong,Thyrodinum, Nat sulph, Phos, Merc sol should be taken under strict medical supervision.